Polo - A short history
Water Polo was developed in Europe and the United States as two differing sports. When Water Polo first began, fighting between players was common, if not the norm. In 1897, New Yorker Harold Reeder formulated the first American rules for discipline, which were aimed at curbing the sport’s more violent tendencies.
Ultimately, the faster, less dangerous European style predominated, and today this is the form of the game practised universally.
Naming the game
In the early days, the players rode on floating barrels that resembled mock horses, and swung at the ball with mallet-like sticks. This made it similar to equestrian polo, hence its name.
Water Polo at the Games
Men’s water polo made its debut at the 1900 Paris Games. Since then, by far the greatest exponents of the sport have been the Hungarians. Between 1928 and 1980, Hungary never failed to win a medal at Olympic Games, and took home six of 10 possible gold medals between 1932 and 1976.
How to play
Water Polo is a water-based version of Handball. Players use a ball weighing between 400g and 450g. They aim to score goals in a three metre wide, 90 centimetre high net that sits on top of the water.
Each team only has 30 seconds to score before the ball is passed to the opposition. As well as ball skills, players need stamina: you are not allowed to touch the bottom or the side of the pool during a match, which lasts for four periods of seven minutes each.