Diving – A short history
Diving developed from gymnastics. It started in Sweden and Germany in the 18th century, when gymnasts started performing tumbling routines into the water.
In the late 19th century a group of Swedish divers visited Great Britain. They put on diving displays that proved hugely popular and led to the formation of the first diving organisation, the Amateur Diving Association, in 1901.
Diving at the Games
Diving was first contested at the St Louis 1904 Games. Its appearance on the Olympic programme in both springboard and platform events has been continuous since 1908.
Synchronised Platform Diving and Synchronised Springboard Diving were added for the Sydney 2000 Games.
Competitors perform a series of dives from either a springboard or a fixed platform, at a height of either three or 10 metres.
Judges award points up to 10 depending upon their elegance and skill. Points are adjusted for the degree of difficulty, based on the number and types of manoeuvres attempted, such as somersaults, pikes, tucks and twists.
In the Synchronised Diving events, pairs of athletes dive in tandem and receive an additional mark for their level of ‘synchronisation’.